Dementia Care: Re-Connecting with The Sleep Kit

May 23, 2018

My nightly routine consists of washing my face, brushing my teeth, and reading my book. I’m sure that as you read this, you’re thinking about what your own bedtime routine is like. Perhaps you simply brush your teeth and hop into bed, or maybe your bedtime is more of an elaborate ritual, like my Granddad’s was. He used to spend at least an hour in the evening washing his face, combing his hair and shaving, all while singing very loudly with his radio on full blast. 

 

When a person is living with dementia, bedtime is often a very different story. They may not have the ability to fulfill their nightly bedtime routine in the way they once did. They may also have trouble sleeping, which can exacerbate the other physical and cognitive changes they’re dealing with. These individuals may experience reversal of day-night sleep patterns, which results in sleeping more during the day and not getting enough sleep at night. Other sleep disturbances could include frequent nighttime awakenings, and decreases in REM sleep, which can negatively affect one’s memory and mood. These sleep disturbances can lead to changes in behavior and appetite, and can aggravate the other symptoms of dementia. This creates added stress for both care partners, as it’s likely that neither person is getting adequate sleep.

 

During my 4th year studying Gerontology at St. Thomas University, I decided to research sleep disturbances among persons living with dementia, as it’s an important health issue that has somehow been overlooked. Current solutions are few and far between. One frequent suggestion is to increase exercise, while other studies recommend reducing caffeine intake, practicing light therapy, and using certain types of medications. Medications can of course be helpful for some, but they’re not the solution for everyone. Some medications have the potential to cause dizziness, and because dementia can affect gait, the combination makes walking even more difficult and increases the risk of falling. Some doctors won’t prescribe sleep medications to older adults, as they can interfere with other prescribed medications.

 

During my research into all these different factors affecting sleep hygiene in individuals living with dementia, one study in particular piqued my interest. Researchers measured the benefits of social interaction and how it might help people living with dementia achieve better sleep. The researchers found that if someone engaged in social activity throughout the day, of any kind at all, their sleep quality substantially improved. Having had some experience in recreational therapy during my summer student positions at York Care Centre, this angle really intrigued me, and I wanted to explore it further.

 

With this information I explored further, and eventually developed a care package called The Sleep Kit. The Sleep Kit is a small box of alternative sleep therapies for individuals who are living with dementia. Each item in the kit was chosen based on its ability to stimulate one of the five senses, and all are focused on promoting one-on-one social interaction before bedtime. These items include a deck of playing cards, lotion, and essential oil, as well as other objects and products that help both the caregiver (whether formal or informal) and the individual living with dementia prepare together for a good night's rest. No part of The Sleep Kit is mandatory, and each activity can be easily modified to cultivate a positive experience that easily fits into any stage of the dementia journey. The Sleep Kit also contains a custom-made sleep diary that outlines each item, suggesting how it can be used and why it’s important.